Retinitis pigmentosa belongs to the group of hereditary progressive retinal degenerations or dystrophies which is very common, there is a variation in this disease from person to person, most commonly it is the degeneration of retina that is the cones and rods of the eye which are special light receptors.
In this disease the rods of the retina are effected first and after all the cones are deteriorate. In this progressive degeneration of the retina the peripheral vision slowly constrict the central vision, it lasts a long lifetime of an individual.
Causes Of Retinitis Pigmentosa :
1. It may be inherited from generation to generation.
2. It can be transfer from one eye to another later ever in life but if one eye is infected surely the other one will also get this symptom.
3. Some genes like dominant recessive links, sex links recessives, genetic pedigree.
4. Along with this disease there may be a chance of usher syndrome as well.
Diagnosis Of Retinitis Pigmentosa :
1. Retinitis pigmentosa is a disease which may be present from early childhood or may be from birth but it shows its prescence in teenage.
2. There are approximately 78,000 people in the United States with retinitis pigmentosa (RP).
3. Along with retinitis pigmentosa hearing loss and blindness may occur.
4. Loss in seeing periphery.
Symptoms Of Retinitis Pigmentosa :
1. Difficulty in night vision.
2. Tunnel vision.
3. Night blindness occur in some cases.
4. Total blindness eventually ensues in most cases.
Treatment For Retinitis Pigmentosa :
1. Specialists recommend the vitamin A therapy, based on research dating back to the early 1990s.
2. Vitamin E is compulsory for the patient.
3. Omega-3-rich diet containing docosahexaenoic acid is also a valuable diet and can easily slow down disease progression.
4. Salads, fish, milk, chicken, cereals and the foods enrich with vitamin A and E should be used.