Polio is an infectious disease caused by a virus. It attacks the nervous system directly. In some cases it is seen that polio infection can cause paralysis, usually the children are caught by this virus, People usually get it from polluted food or water. Most infected people never have symptoms as well, polio can be by birth. Although around 85% of polio infections cause no symptoms at all, affected individuals can exhibit a range of symptoms if the virus enters the blood stream, polio can damage the tissues and the effected area can never be prevented.
Once a person is infected by this disease polio, it usually takes about 3-5 days for symptoms to appear completely.
This virus is mostly found in parts of Africa and in some Asian region as well.
Diagnosis of Polio:
4. Serious breathing
5. Severe muscles pains
6. Inability of use of one or both legs
7. Several muscles fails to work.
Causes of Polio:
1. Polio is caused by a virus which only lives in the main body parts of a person throat and intestinal tract.
Symptoms of Polio:
1. In mild polio, headache, nausea, vomiting, general discomfort or a slight fever for up to three days.
2. In nonparalytic polio, the symptoms are same as in mild fever in addition with moderate fever, stiff neck and back, fatigue and muscle pain.
3. For paralytic polio: tremor, muscle weakness, fever, stiffness, constipation, muscle pain and spasms, and sometimes difficulty swallowing.
Treatment of Polio:
1. Polio can be prevented through the vaccine which is available from more than 10 years. All healthy children between the ages of six weeks and 18 years should be vaccinated against polio as part of their complete vaccination schedule. But in some countries only children of having age less than 6 years are given vaccine.
2. There are some hospitals available where complete counseling of patients is also done.